The idea of travelling to a new place, meeting new people and exploring new cultures is quite exciting. There is a grave side to travelling though. The reason is that you may contract bacteria or viruses that are very new to you and don’t even exist in your home country. That is why travel vaccines are lifesavers for you.
Most travellers then feel quite unsettled when they factor in the issue of travel vaccines. The kind of booster jab you will receive before you travel is determined by the season in which you will be travelling and the geographical location of the place you will be visiting. Though there are many diseases to worry about, below is a brief discussion of some of those diseases that are of concern.
One such disease common in tropical surroundings, is Japanese Encephalitis which is spread by mosquitoes carrying the virus. The symptoms may be mild but in severe cases it can cause brain inflammation. The travel inoculation is given in 3 doses and a month before the day of traveling. The countries affected include; South East Asia, The Far East, and Tropical North East Australia.
Malaria is a disease that is common in tropical regions and is spread by Anopheles mosquito bites. Symptoms show up after 10 days to 2 weeks of infection they include chills, fever, muscle-aches.nausea, vomiting and general malaise. A malaria prophylaxis regimen is available in form of tablets that are to be swallowed 21 days prior to traveling and the same course continued for 4 weeks after you return. Regions concerned include, Africa, Middle East, and Asia.
Travellers should also be concerned about typhoid fever. It is spread through poor hygiene in contaminated water or food. The disease is viral and symptoms are fever, headaches, and diarrhea. Typhoid can kill. The travel jab is administered 30 days before the day of travelling. Additionally, you should take care when eating food, eg eat fruits you have washed and peeled for yourself, water -take boiled or treated clean tapped or bottle sealed water. The culprit regions include: Africa,Asia, Middle East, Central and South America.
Another disease that is considered serious is the Yellow fever. It is only found in Sub-Saharan Africa and tropical South America. It is caused by a bite from an infected mosquito. Vomiting, jaundice, headache, fever, and bleeding are among the serious symptoms that accompany this disease. This is a dangerous disease. Its so serious that in some regions like East Africa in particular, travelers are required to show a certificate of vaccination before they are allowed to enter. The travel inoculation for yellow fever is administered 10 days before departure and lasts as long as 10 years.
It’s advisable to check into a good travel clinic so that you can prepare yourself adequately before traveling to ensure a safe and enjoyable trip