OSHA TRAINING LEVELS ON HOW TO DEAL WIT HAZARDOUS MATERIAL SPILLS
Nearly any facility could have an hazardous spill. Even if there is only a small chance that it could occur in your facility, your employees should be trained on what to do in a hazardous spill situation. In case of an hazardous waste spill, there are five main people who are most likely to be affected and that is why OSHA offers five levels of training for these individuals.
Awareness for first responder.
The first responder is any person who enters the manufacturing facility even when they do not handle the chemicals. These employees need four hours of training and they learn the basics about the chemicals in the facility and their risks. They are also taught how to recognize a hazmat emergency and who to contact.
Awareness for those in charge of operations
the first responder of operations is responsible for keeping unauthorized people away from the spills as well as preventing it from spreading. The employees at this level are required to take 8 hours of training. The terms referring to hazardeous materials are defined and explained as well as the procedure of carrying out risk assessment. The employees are also taught simple ways of containing a spill as well as various types of personal protective equipments.
Training the technicians.
The staff in this level of training are the ones that enter the spill area and prevent the material from spilling. 24 hours of training is required in order to complete training in this level. In this level of training, the techniques for assessing risk are taught further deeper as well as chemical and toxicological hazards. They also learn use of field survey instruments to identify hazardous materials, spill control techniques, plug leaking containers and complex decontamination procedures.
Hazardous Materials Specialist
Hazardous materials specialists are experts on how to handle all of the hazardous materials in your site and they work with federal, state, local and other Government officials if necessary. This training takes 24 hours just like that of the technicians but it is more indepth when it comes to discussing the various types of hazardous material. They learn PPE for unique situations, how to determine what type of decontamination procedure to use and how to perform specialized containment operations.
Training the Incident commander
This individuals are in charge of all the cleanups that happen after a spill and as a result the receive the highest level of training. This commanders are entitled to receive 24 hours of class training even though the hours may vary from institution to institution. They need to have intimate knowledge of state and local regulations and know how to implement the facilities emergency response plan. Those trained in this level should be experts in medical risks as well as decontamination experts.